韦博的升级演讲
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kongjie 发表于 2008-12-15 18:28:00

不知不觉,中低级别的小班课也要学完了。虽然我没法有足够时间继续念,还是觉得收获有一丝半点。
最后一次的作文,小帅哥老师颇多赞许,因此TUTOR建议作为升级演讲。
哼,我就知道那群洋鬼子布置这样的作业是希望大家写拿破仑小传之类的,偶偏要弘扬中华文化,就选了沈括做小传。
内容来自网络收集。
沈括这人天纵英才,若非生错时代,他与张衡之流哪里能叫爱因斯坦便宜了去?爱因斯坦爱物理,却对物理原理能带给人们多大的实际好处漠不关心,物理之外更只有一点音乐什么的小爱好,我国的科学家们却都文采斐然,纵横各家,无一不真正的为了人民生活的变革而努力。
沈括贪财惜命,更是一个真小人,我一向喜欢这种有点缺点的人啊。
下面就是作文了,感谢峨嵋群的朋友和好友圈圈的帮忙。

沈括 一个伟大的科学家和政治改革家
SHEN KUO A great scientist and Political reformer

沈括是北宋时期人。1031年他生于杭州钱塘一个官宦家庭。少年时代在母亲的指导下14岁就读完家中藏书。以后跟随父亲到过不少地方地,增长了不少见闻。18岁的时候他来带南京,对医药产生了兴趣。24岁的时候他开始踏入仕途。
SHEN KUO was a person during the Northern Song Dynasty. He was born in Qiantang,  Hangzhou in 1031 and his family is bureaucracy. During his childhood, he red all books collected by his family and his mother enlightened him. When he had already red all the books at age 14, he began to travel all over  china following his father. When he was 24 years old, he worked in government.

当时的皇帝是个希望一洗沉疴之人,1069年地主阶级革新派的代表——中国有名的大文学家、政治家王安石被任命为宰相,开始了大规模的变法运动。这期间他受到王安石的重用,担任过许多重要官职,也做出了不少的贡献。
1072年,沈括主持汴河的水利建设。沈括经过实测,采取分层筑堰技术,用了四五年时间,造淤田1.7万多顷,使农业得到发展。

At that time, the Emperor wanted to innovate and abrogate incongruous policies, in 1069, femous litterateur and politicians WANG AN SHI was appointed  Prime minister. WANG AN SHI sets off Large-scale Reform to revitalizate Northern SONG Dynasty. SHEN KUO was reused by him, made many contributions.
IN 1072, Shen Kuo preside over the Bian River water conservancy. After investigation, he tooks almost five years to turn over one million hectare river bank into field by layered weir building. This improved the development of agriculture.
1074年,他担任河北西路察访使和军器监长官期间,攻读兵书,精心研究城防、阵法、兵车、兵器、战略战术等军事问题,编成《修城法式条约》和《边州阵法》等军事著作,研究了熟铁和钢铁的性能,改造了军器,制造出更轻更薄更坚固的铁甲。为研究军需粮草的供应和部队的调动,他还发明了“隙积术”、“会圆术”等数学运算方法。
In 1074, when SHEN KUO served as an officail about foreign affairs and Military in HE BEI province, he studied a lot about millitary, border defense, vehicles, weapons, tactics, wrote <The Treaty about City Reparing>,<Frontier Zhenfa> and other martial books. He also studied and mastered the capability of iron and steel,reconstructing weapons and creating armours which was more softer , thiner ,and stronger. he even invented the way of calculating the amout of accumulations and their gaps.
1075 中辽两国边界矛盾,沈括奉命出使,因为卓越的勘界知识和地理知识,保护了中国的领土完整。
In 1075,Song and Liao Dynasty bursted into boundary conflicts . Shengkuo was assigned to deal with this problems. he protected the integrity of Song Dynasty's territory with his great knowledge in survey border and geogragh.
1076年,沈括奉旨编绘《天下州县图》。他查阅了大量档案文件和图书,经过近12年坚持不懈的努力,终于完成了我国制图史上巨作。
Next year,in 1076,Shengkuo was appointed to compile <The Map of the whole Country>.It tooks 12 years and enormous files to complet this great work.
沈括改进了测量时间和天体的仪器,在1075年沈括提出了新的历法,这是一种比较先进的历法,既符合天体运转又利于农作,但是为守旧的势力阻扰和沈括自己的怯懦,害怕被变法失败的王安石牵连,自呈新历的种种缺点,实行了18年便废止。但终究是个科学家的沈括在晚年又提出了十二气历代替原来的历法。这是纯粹的阳历,与我们现在使用的公历只有分月上的差别,甚至比我们的公历更为合理。
SHENKUO improved the measurement and instruments of time and celestial bodies. in 1075 he proposed a new calendar, it would not only abey the tracks of celestial bodies and also be favor to agriculture than old calendar. But becouse his fear of being implicated in the failure of Wang AN SHI and prevents by old force, this calendar enforced only 18 years.
But as a great scientist,Sheng Kuo still submitted the twelve solar calendar in his old years. That was similar to the one we use now,just a little difference in Division of month, even more reasonable to agriculture than ours.

1076年变法失败,沈括被贬官。1087,天下州县图完成。1088年他定居江苏镇江东郊的梦溪园,并在此终老。这期间,他将一生的社会和科学活动的总结写做《梦溪笔谈》一书,内容极为丰富,包括天文、历法、数学、物理、化学、生物、地理、地质、医学、文学、史学、考古、音乐、艺术等共600余条。其中200来条属于科学技术方面,记载了他的许多发明、发现和真知灼见,这是中国科学史上的坐标。
沈括享年65岁,一生娶妻两次。1067年第一任妻子急病亡故以后,1069年他娶了第二任妻子。这个妻子十分的凶悍,屡屡虐待沈括,但1094年第二任妻子去世以后,他郁郁寡欢甚至有投河求死之志,并于1095,重病悄然逝世。

In 1076, politic reform by WANG ANSHI failed, SHENKUO was demoted. In 1087, The Map of the whole Country completed. From next year till his death, he dwelled in mengxi Garden in the eastern suburbs of the Zhenjiang Jiangsu.
During this time, he collected his knowledge and experiences into a book, <essay in mengxi>.it has Rich contents, including astronomy, calendar, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, geology,
Medicine, literature, history, archeology, music, and even art.It totaled 600 items. 200 of them belong to science and technology , Recorded many of his invention, discovery and insight, this is the coordinates in the history of Chinese science.
in his lifetime he get married twice. after his first wife died in 1067, he married his second wife in 1069. The wife was very aggressive, and usually abused Shen Kuo, but after the death of his wife, he was so sad even try to kill himself, and one year later, in 1095, he was 65 years old and died from serious illness.

 

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